Warring Party

BERLIN/KIGALI/GOMA | | ruandakongo-kinshasa

BERLIN/KIGALI/GOMA (Own report) - In spite of the escalating war in the Congo, Berlin is intensifying its support for one of the warring parties. For several weeks already, militias have been launching bloody attacks all over eastern Congo, causing hundreds of thousands to flee the region. The militia's leader, a notorious war criminal, is a partisan of Rwanda's government and the Rwandan army is poised to intervene on his behalf. After having negotiated military aid to Rwanda last April, the German government is stepping up its cooperation with the Kigali government. New finances have recently been allocated - only a few days after Rwanda's partisan in the Congo announced a putsch. These rebellions are prolonging a war that, on a world scale, has been the bloodiest in the past decades, with Germany having abetted the same party from the very beginning: its former colony Rwanda. Rwanda has been seeking control over the resource rich eastern Congo. This must be seen in the context of the strategic premises of the German-US Africa policy, envisaging close cooperation with Kigali. more…

War financing

David Barouski | COLOGNE | | kongo-kinshasa
(David Barouski)

COLOGNE german-foreign-policy.com recently interviewed David Barouski about General Laurent Nkunda and mineral smuggling activities in Eastern Congo. Mr. Barouski is a freelance researcher, primarily on African affairs, and he authored the book "Laurent Nkundabatware, his Rwandan Allies, and the ex-ANC Rebellion: Chronic Barriers to Lasting Peace in the Congo," last year. more…

NEW YORK | | kongo-kinshasa

NEW YORK In early 2006, the UN Security Council strongly criticised the German government and German enterprises for their role in North Kivu (East Congo). A Security Council expertise describes the developments concerning the Lueshe Mine. german-foreign-policy.com is documenting excerpts. (Signature: S/2006/53) more…

GOMA/KIGALI/BERLIN | | kongo-kinshasaruanda

GOMA/KIGALI/BERLIN (Own report) - Just one year after the deployment of German military in the Congo, Germany's close partner, Rwanda, is again involved in a military conflict with that country. With a militia of irregulars, Rwanda, one of the main recipients of so called German development aid, is involved in the power struggle in East Congo, a region rich in natural resources. Rwanda is supporting Congolese irregular troops, who have taken control of several regions rich in natural resources and refuse to demobilize. According to human rights organizations, they are recruiting large numbers of children and are using rape as a means of warfare. Nkunda's militia, accused of severe human rights violations, has close ties to Rwanda. Berlin nevertheless is expanding its aid to Rwanda. At the same time, a German enterprise announced its plans to resume the extraction of precious metals in the eastern Congolese war zone. This enterprise's activities in that region came under heavy criticism of the UN Security Council last year. The Security Council also criticized the German government's involvement in this affair, particularly concerning the activities of internationally wanted war criminals. This scandalous affair follows the logic of German policy in Central Africa: To secure its influence, Berlin is using its former colony Rwanda. more…

KINSHASA/LIBREVILLE/BERLIN | | kongo-kinshasa

KINSHASA/LIBREVILLE/BERLIN (Own report) - Three weeks preceding the Congolese presidential runoff elections, German political advisors are predicting a renewal of violent confrontations between the country's former civil war adversaries. A new flare-up of combat in Kinshasa is "probable", predicts the German Institute for International and Security Affairs (SWP). Last August violence in the capital caused numerous deaths and was accompanied by a direct intervention of the German armed forces, the Bundeswehr. The public announcement of the winner of the elections - due on November 19 - is considered a possible trigger. Renewed armed confrontations are already being announced from the eastern region of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, where the militia leader, Laurent Nkunda, wanted for war crimes by the UN, is expanding his influence. Nkunda, in the past, has repeatedly found refuge in the area of a German controlled enterprise in the Eastern Congolese raw material rich area. The Bundeswehr uses the stationing of German paratroopers in nearby Gabon, to weaken the, as yet, unquestioned French hegemony in this oil-rich West African state. more…

KINSHASA/BERLIN | | kongo-kinshasa

KINSHASA/BERLIN (Own report) - In Kinshasa demonstrators are threatening to burn EU soldiers, and have announced they would resist foreign interference into the internal affairs of their country. Just a few weeks before the arrival of the main contingent of the German military (Bundeswehr), observers anticipate an imminent escalation of the Congolese civil war. Militia units are accordingly already training in several parts of the country and are preparing for an intensification of the conflict. The press of the country reports that rebel groups in the Kivu provinces, in the east of the Congo, are sustaining themselves through their German connections, which refers to the significance of the Somikivu company - an enterprise with majority German shares, over which the German Government has rights of control. Deadly conflicts between demonstrators and the EU intervention force are already being foreseen in Kinshasa. The German commander of the contingent has announced he would grant permission to also shoot at armed children. During protests against the European intervention troops, in the Congolese capital last week, it was threatened that "if they aren't careful, we may have to burn a few of them". more…

SAARLOUIS/KINSHASA/IRÁKLION | | kongo-kinshasa

SAARLOUIS/KINSHASA/IRÁKLION (Own report) - The German troop contingent preparing for deployment to the Congo, is being led by a notorious elite unit. It is the 26th Airborne Brigade of the German Armed Forces (Bundeswehr), which has been at the center of several scandals because of their extolment of the unit's tradition. This was revealed through research by german-foreign-policy.com. Units of this brigade will comprise approx. 300 of the 780 soldiers in the German contingent to the Congo. In its self-portrayal, the brigade boasts of the "military feats" of its Nazi predecessors, during their occupation of Greece. German airborne troops attacked the island Crete in the spring of 1941. During the combat the invader murdered several hundred island inhabitants ("Operation Merkur"). In the Congo, the first mass demonstrations in opposition to the forthcoming intervention of German and allied troops are taking place. Monday, June 12, there were several thousand demonstrators in three cities of the country. Mass demonstrations have been announced for the end of June. Observers in Kinshasa are anticipating the use of European troops against the protestors with the danger of an incalculable escalation. An EU advance commando, including Bundeswehr troops, has already arrived in the Congolese capital. more…

They Are Ready

KINSHASA/KIGALI/BERLIN | | kongo-kinshasaruanda

KINSHASA/KIGALI/BERLIN (Own report) - On the eve of the deployment of German troops in the Democratic Republic of Congo, suspected war criminals threaten to prevent elections by unleashing a new conflict. On several occasions over the past few years, these militias found sanctuary on the premises of a German controlled company in East Congo. Although the German government could have exerted influence on this company, it chose to not intervene against the militia. These same militias have been taking part in the civil war in East Congo since the mid-1990's and were seeking to have the Kivu provinces annexed to neighboring Rwanda. Rwanda is a former German Colony. In spite of harsh UN criticism, a German network of enterprises contributed in financing this war of secession, without official German intervention. Dr Helmut Strizek, an expert on Africa and a former member of the staff of the Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development, confirms, in a talk with german-foreign-policy.com, that "The German SPD-Green coalition government approved the secession of the Kivu provinces from Congo". He describes as "strange," the activities of the parliamentarian Uschi Eid, in the Congo. The main beneficiary of Germany's East Congo policy is the military government of Germany's former colony, Rwanda. The president of Rwanda, Paul Kagame, is a member of the old colonial aristocracy and, since taking office in 1994, has been Berlin's close partner. During the forthcoming military expedition, Germany has several foreign policy options for imposing its dominance. more…

Helmut Strizek | BERLIN | | ruandakongo-kinshasa
(Helmut Strizek)

BERLIN german-foreign-policy.com was talking with Dr. Helmut Strizek concerning German policy toward Rwanda and Rwandan influence in the Eastern region of the Democratic Republic of Congo. Dr. Strizek had worked in Rwanda and Burundi for many years, was periodically in charge of project management concerning both countries in the Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development and has published several books on these two nations. more…

GOMA/KINSHASA/BERLIN | | kongo-kinshasa

GOMA/KINSHASA/BERLIN (Own report) - The German Government has been forced to postpone the adoption of the resolution permitting its planned military operations in the Congo because of persistent resistance within its own ranks. The German expedition corps is facing a "war engagement", which should "not be played down," says the Reservist Association of the German Armed Forces. Numerous parliamentarians are also warning against precipitated military measures. Therefore, the German Foreign Minister has announced that "persuasive work" must be undertaken and wants to submit the resolution for the international mission for a parliamentary vote, at the beginning of May. Reports to the effect that German troops are being sent to obtain access to Congolese raw materials, are causing concern. Berlin asserts concrete claims on the mineral deposits of the Lueshe Mine, an important repository in the east of the country, from which raw materials for nozzle engines and rocket parts are extracted. The Ministry of Economics and the Foreign Ministry are involved. The managing director of the majority German owned company running the mine, maintains contacts with a Congolese organization, that has been designated by the UN as an organization to be punished in international relations, because of its violations of the arms embargo. According to the UN, the area of the mine is a well-known retreat for armed militias. more…