BERLIN (Own report) The German federal government has arranged the establishment of 13 new staff positions for foreign missions throughout the world. These staff positions will be established in all of Berlin's ministries and will be brought together in a ,,coordinated body"to be chaired by the Foreign Office. The inter-ministerial leadership group has been commissioned to draft global, i.e. ,,national and regional strategies"and to submit them to the secret sessions of federal security council. The goal is, to initiate German interventions early on ( ,,early action"). The directive for the implementation of staff positions was submitted to Berlin's ministries at the beginning of April; the Federal Government considers its recently published ,,Plan for Action"as serving ,,crisis prevention".
The paper 1)lists numerous actions which are meant for foreign human rights policies in ,,partner nations"and which require closer coordination with the whole German state apparatus. For implementation, armed enforcement of capitulation (i.e. deployment of combat troops) or non-military surrender (i.e. deployment of non-government organizations), would provide complimentary additional support. Berlin, specifically, calls for a clear and considerable ,,strengthening and optimization of (its) military capability."
According to the ,,Plan for Action"all ministries are to cooperate to affect foreign deployments against ,,partner nations."The goal is to intervene in the legislative, executive and judiciary of the foreign nations in order to change them according to German conceptions. Among other things, under the plan, Germany intends to supervise ,,responsible"administration of military ,,incomes and expenditures"by the involved nations. The native security personnel of the ,,partner nations"is to be controlled with ,,advice and further training". In order to integrate the foreign economic structures into western financial systems, the plan recommends ,,global partnerships". For that the Federal Government views the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank as particularly well suited. The paper recommends the ,,Arbeitskreis Globale Fragen"(study group for global issues) of the German economic associations as an additional partner.
In a special chapter, the plan mentions German organizations which it considers as part of an alleged ,,civilian association", although it consists almost completely of fronts for Berlin's foreign policy, of which the ,,German Institute for Development Policy"(DIE) and the ,,Institute of Foreign Relations, Inc."are part. Additional catalysts which are to collaborate with the state's ,,Federal Academy for Defense Policy"and which are considered by the plan are the ,,German Voluntary Overseas Service"(DED), the ,,German Foundation for Peace Research"(DSF), the ,,Group for Peace Development"(FriEnt), ,,International Continuing Education and Development GmbH"(InWEnt), the ,,Civilian Peace Service"(ZFD), the ,,Center for International Peace Efforts"(ZIF), and the ,,Project Bureau for Civilian Conflict Resolution of the Institute for Foreign Relations"(zivik).
Chains of Command
The governmental concentration of these organizations, and the ministerial apparatus responsible for them, in all of Berlin's government agencies, continues the further hierarchization of foreign policy components and, thus, further develops pre-existing civilian military interfaces. Historical research demonstrates that the hierachization of state apparatuses is suitable for elimination of systemic contradictions between individual decision making levels in order to open them to vertical chains of command. The recently published ,,Plan for Action"is part of this tradition and allows for increasing radicalization of German foreign policy.
1) Zivile Krisenpraevention, Konfliktloesung und Friedenskonsolidierung, 12.05.2004